Mon 29 Nov 2010
For this final quiz of the term, we will rehearse the parsing skills prepared for quizzes 2–4 and a little more:
nominal declension patterns: given a single noun or pronoun, or a noun phrase containing two or more of the parts of speech noun, pronoun, and adjective, you should be able to give case and number (e.g. wordes: genitive singular; þām: dative singular or dative plural; þone tilan cyning: accusative singular; hālgum trēowum: dative plural; þǣre lāre: genitive singular or dative singular). You won't have to translate these phrases, or even give me their gender. The most important paradigms to learn for this exercise are §§16–18, 33–34, 47, and 65–66 (hint: for perhaps half of these, a thorough knowledge of §§16–17 will get the job done);
parsing verbs: given an indicative verb in sentence context, be able to determine its person, number, and tense. If it is a preterite form, also indicate whether it is weak or strong. Examples: hīe þæt gefremedon swā: gefremedon: third person plural preterite weak; hwæt, þū gehierst þæt ðe man micela spræca tō hæfð: gehierst: second person singular present; Ðā feng Archelaus his sunu tō rīce: feng: third person singular preterite strong. For more examples, see the weak verb exercise handout and its answer key in conjunction with slides f04a, p. 2, and §§110–126; example sentences are on slides f04c, last page); be prepared to use context (esp. personal and demonstrative pronouns as well as nouns) to determine person where the verb does not reveal this information. On this quiz, you may expect any strong or weak verb, including ones you have not seen before. You will not be asked to identify the verb class; for this exercise, the distinction between strong and weak suffices! No preterites-present or other unusual verbs will be used; verbs with a stem ending in d or t will be avoided; if a class 2 weak verb is used in a third-person present form, the subject will make clear that this is the case, and whether to take it as a singular or plural.
to recognize nominal declension patterns, knowing the demonstrative pronouns se and þes is key;
both on this quiz and on the grammar test, a considerable number of phrases and sentences for parsing will be selected from the examples used in the slides throughout the term.